Prime Minister Theresa May’s Brexit deal has been rejected by 230 votes – the largest defeat for a sitting government in history.
The EU has hinted that Brexit should be cancelled after Theresa May’s deal was voted down by the biggest margin for more than 100 years.
MPs voted by 432 votes to 202 to reject the deal, which sets out the terms of Britain’s exit from the EU on 29 March.
Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn has now tabled a vote of no confidence in the government, which could trigger a general election.
The confidence vote is expected to be held at about 1300 GMT on Wednesday.
Mr Corbyn said it would allow the House of Commons to “give its verdict on the sheer incompetence of this government”.
The DUP’s Brexit spokesman Sammy Wilson said his party would be supporting Mrs May in Wednesday’s confidence vote.
He said: “We want to see the Conservative government continuing to deliver on Brexit.
“We never wanted a change of government, we wanted a change of policy back to what the prime minister promised in the manifesto she stood on, and the promises she made in subsequent speeches.”
If MPs vote to back a no confidence motion, the government, or anyone else who can command a majority, would get 14 days to win a further confidence vote. If they can’t win that, a general election will be then held.
Some 118 Conservative MPs voted with the opposition parties against Mrs May’s deal.
In normal times, such a crushing defeat on a key piece of government legislation would be expected to be followed by a prime ministerial resignation.
But Mrs May signalled her intention to carry on in a statement immediately after the vote.
“The House has spoken and this government will listen,” she told MPs.
She offered cross-party talks to determine a way forward on Brexit, if she succeeded in winning a confidence vote.
Former foreign secretary and leading Brexiteer Boris Johnson said it was a “bigger defeat than people have been expecting” – and it meant Mrs May’s deal was now “dead”.
But he said it gave the prime minister a “massive mandate to go back to Brussels” to negotiate a better deal, without the controversial Northern Ireland backstop.
And he said he would back Mrs May in Wednesday’s confidence vote.
In her statement to MPs, Mrs May said she planned to return to the Commons next Monday with an alternative plan – if she survives the confidence vote.
She said she would explore any ideas from cross-party talks with the EU, but she remained committed to delivering on the result of the 2016 referendum.
President of the European Council, Donald Tusk, said he regretted the outcome of the vote and urged the UK government to “clarify its intentions with respect to its next steps as soon as possible”
EU Council President Donald Tusk suggested if MPs cannot agree a deal and do not want to crash out of the EU without an agreement they should consider reversing the historic vote.
While EU Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker warned the UK that ‘time is almost up’ as he announced that no deal planning will be ramped up.
He made a dash back to Brussels for emergency Brexit meetings as Mrs may’s deal was voted down by 432 votes to 202 – meaning 230 MPs voted against her.
Mr Tusk said: ‘If a deal is impossible, and no one wants no deal, then who will finally have the courage to say what the only positive solution is?’
Mr Juncker said: ‘The risk of a disorderly withdrawal of the United Kingdom has increased with this evening’s vote. While we do not want this to happen, the European Commission will continue its contingency work to help ensure the EU is fully prepared.
‘I urge the United Kingdom to clarify its intentions as soon as possible. Time is almost up.’
Jean-Claude Juncker (pictured in Strasbourg today) is making a dash back to Brussels for emergency Brexit meetings amid expectations Theresa May will suffer a devastating defeat tonight
EU Council President Donald Tusk called for ‘courage’ from British politicians in coming up with a Brexit plan
Germany’s foreign minister Heiko Maas (pictured in Berlin last week) said Brexit talks will start back up if the Withdrawal Agreement is voted downLast Friday Jean Claude Juncker said ‘there won’t be renegotiations’
The PM’s official spokesman said there are ‘no plans’ for her to meet with Mr Juncker tomorrow.
But she is under huge pressure from all sides to head back to the negotiating table in Brussels to tear up the hated Irish backstop.
MEPs in the European Parliament will debate the state of the Brexit deal tomorrow morning.
It comes as Germany promised to launch a fresh round of Brexit talks if the Withdrawal Agreement is rejected tonight.
EU Commissioner Pierre Moscovici today said: ‘President Juncker would have liked to have attended the debate but there are circumstance you’re aware of, like a vote in another country.
‘President Juncker needs to be in Brussels. It’s just to do with the duties of the president because of this specific emergency’